Clogged pores are a super common (and hella annoying) skin concern. But don’t worry! We’ve extracted all the answers to your pore problems.
Here’s a deep-dive into the causes, symptoms, and treatments for congested skin. Plus, how to pore-fect your skin care regimen 😉.
Fast facts on congested skin
What is it? Skin congestion is a build-up of oils, dead skin, sweat, or other impurities in your pores.
What causes it? A poor skin care routine or using products that clog your pores can make things congested. Hormonal fluctuations, overactive sebaceous (oil) glands, and other lifestyle factors can also trigger clogged pores.
What are the symptoms? Clogged pores can lead to pesky pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads. It can also give you a dull complexion and uneven texture. (tl;dr: congested skin and acne are BFFs.)
How do I treat it? Depending on the cause, a skin care routine for your unique skin type can help. But you might need to see a dermatologist if your skin sitch is caused by an underlying condition.
- Oil production. Oily skin can cause clogged pores and a greasy appearance.
- Hormones. Hormone fluctuations can lead to hormonal acne flare-ups. Triggers can include periods, pregnancy, menopause, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), and thyroid disease.
- Skin elasticity. Your skin naturally loses elasticity as you age. This can increase the size of your pores, which might lead to congested skin.
- Comedogenic products. These are products that can potentially clog your pores. Common culprits include face creams, body lotions, makeup, and sunscreens.
Congested skin can vary from person-to-person.
“Most people who experience congestion will notice it on their face in the T-zone area, which is the middle of the forehead, nose, inner cheek area, and chin,” says Florio.
Here’s what congested skin might look like:
- Whiteheads. These pus-filled spots have a white center and reddish rim.
- Blackheads. This is when dead skin cells and oils get trapped in your pores. The gunk turns a dark color when exposed to air.
- Pimples. These are those obnoxious inflamed bumps that occur when dead skin cells, oil, or bacteria get trapped in your pores.
- Texture. Congested skin might appear rough, bumpy, or dull.
Ready to send your plugged-up pores packing? Here’s how you can give your skin the glow-up it deserves.
Check your products
Revamping your skin care routine might help clear things up if your products are to blame. The most important thing is to stick to noncomedogenic products that won’t stuff up your skin.
Peep the label on products for pore-friendly terms like noncomedogenic, oil free, or “won’t clog pores.” You should also try to cater to your unique skin type (e.g. normal, oily, dry, or combination).
Exfoliation can help improve your skin’s texture by sloughing off dead skin cells. FYI: Exfoliators have come a long way since scratching your skin off with the St. Ives Apricot Scrub. These days, lots of folks are living for chemical exfoliants.
You can find these ingredients in many OTC products (often in lower concentrations). But you should see a licensed skin care professional like an aesthetician or dermatologist if you need a medical-grade concentration.
Try prescription skin care
Certain types of congested skin are stubborn AF. If a refined skin care routine isn’t cutting it, a derm can hook you up with another treatment that’s tailored to your unique needs. They might prescribe:
Wash yo’ face
A regular day and night routine is key to healthy, clear skin. Here’s a step-by-step skin care guide for folks with clogged pores.
- Cleanse. Remove any makeup with a hypoallergenic makeup remover. Then follow with a face wash that’s ideal for your skin type.
- Tone. Toners are formulated to remove excess oils and debris from your skin. Go with a brand that doesn’t contain alcohol or harsh chemicals that can lead to dry, red, or cranky skin.
- Treat. Use a spot treatment or serum on the congested areas.
- Hydrate. Round off your routine with an oil-free moisturizer.
P.S. Florio recommends you use an exfoliant 2 to 3 times a week. Anything more than that can lead to irritation.
Sometimes a simple life switch can make a big difference if the problem isn’t just your skin care routine. Here’s the DL.
Change up your diet
Some great choices include:
Wash up after a workout
A solid sweat sesh can lead to a bigger buildup of dirt, oil, and bacteria on your skin. Make sure you start your workout with a cleansed face and use a noncomedogenic face or body wash when you shower.
Beware of sneaky bacteria
Who hasn’t scrolled through their Insta feed on the toilet. But do you actually disinfect your phone post poo?
We know the temptation is REAL to extract that gunk yourself, but you should never Dr. Pimple Popper yourself.
“When experiencing breakouts or congestion, I would always recommend seeing a professional to perform appropriate extractions,” Florio says.
The American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) notes that picking, scratching, or rubbing your congested skin can lead to even more irritation.
Here’s what your skin care pro might suggest.
A licensed aesthetician or dermatologist can use a chemical skin peel to even out rough, clogged, or dull skin. Just keep in mind, only a medical doctor (like a dermatologist or plastic surgeon) can perform a deep chemical peel.
Your aesthetician or dermatologist will use special tools that are designed to safely extract the gunk stuck in your skin. PSA: DO NOT do this at home.
This is a type of physical exfoliation. Your derm will use a vacuum-like device that has a crystal- or diamond-tipped head. It sucks up excess debris to give you a more even, fresher face.
HydraFacials are a three-for-one. They cleanse, exfoliate, and infuse serums into your skin all in one session.
Pro tip: This treatment can be a bit spendy. Def shop around your local area before pulling the trigger on the first provider you see.
Congested skin happens when dead skin, oils, dirt, and other impurities clog your pores. The most common cause is a subpar skin care routine. But it can also be the result of an underlying condition such as hormonal fluctuations or overactive oil glands.
You might see great results if you follow a solid skin care regimen at home. But if that doesn’t do the trick, it’s time to talk with a licensed aesthetician or dermatologist. They can help you come up with a great game plan to get your skin back on track.