Do you like obese people?
That question might sound ridiculous, but it's one whose answer is increasingly, even if subconsciously, "less than you might think."
Even though few people might be willing to admit their bias against people who are overweight, growing evidence suggests weight stigma is a widespread issue in American society  . And according to new research, even physicians are less empathetic to overweight and obese patients . These findings point to the importance of explicitly addressing weight bias via interventions that help us confront our own, sometimes secret, prejudices.
What’s the Deal?
News outlets across the globe have jumped to cover a study that found doctors act less empathetic toward obese and overweight patients than they do toward patients who are not overweight or obese . According to the findings, doctors weren’t any less likely to provide medical advice to overweight and obese patients, but they were less likely to develop emotional rapport. Researchers say that’s possibly because doctors hold negative views of overweight and obese people, or have less respect for them.
Unfortunately, these findings aren’t surprising. Over the past few years, multiple studies have indicated that weight bias is present among a range of health professionals, even those who specialize in treating obesity and eating disorders   .The fact that overweight and obese patients receive less empathy is a big problem, not only because empathy can be a key factor in patients’ motivation to lose weight, but also because heavier patients may be less willing to seek medical treatment (for any ailment) if they feel unwelcomed by their medical provider .
Why It Matters
At this point, the question isn’t whether health professionals are biased against overweight people; many of them are. Now, we need to figure out how to change those negative beliefs. Unfortunately, studies suggest these beliefs are often subconscious, or implicit, meaning sometimes we don’t even realize we’re biased  And it’s a lot harder to change the beliefs of someone who won’t even admit they have them .
The good news is that research has also found that educating people about the harmful effects of weight bias can have positive results . Health professionals who participate in these interventions (such as a day-long interactive workshop led by researchers and health promoters) say they’ve become aware of their own biases, and have learned to avoid communicating anti-fat attitudes to patients.
It’s time to make this kind of education a staple of training programs for health professionals, and eventually for people in all fields of work. Past research suggests that weight bias isn’t anything new: More than 10 years ago, research found that even health care professionals were not immune . Having implicit biases against overweight individuals doesn’t make anyone a bad person — it just makes us human. But it’s important to start acknowledging our hidden biases and work to make them disappear.
Have you ever felt your doctor was prejudiced against overweight or obese patients? Let us know in the comments below or tweet the author at @ShanaDLebowitz.