Psoriasis isn’t a one-size-fits-all skin sitch. This chronic inflammatory condition comes in many scratchy shapes and scaly forms, but it can also look different depending on your skin color.
Darker skin tones have higher levels of the natural skin pigment melanin than lighter skin tones do. This can affect the way psoriasis symptoms appear on Black skin.
Here’s how psoriasis symptoms and a diagnosis might differ depending on your skin tone.
Around 125 million people worldwide have psoriasis. A 2014 study involving more than 6,000 people found that the prevalence of psoriasis was about 1.9 percent in Black participants and 3.6 percent in white participants. But psoriasis rates among Black folks may be even higher IRL.
Psoriasis can be easy to spot on white skin. It shows up as pink or red lesions with silvery scales. But on Black skin, lesions tend to be purple or violet with gray scales. This might make the condition harder to diagnose.
PSA: According to the National Psoriasis Foundation, people with darker skin receive incorrect diagnoses or go undiagnosed with psoriasis more often than light-skinned people.
Here are some psoriasis pics to help you know what’s what.
Anyone can have psoriasis. It isn’t exclusive to one ethnic group or age group. But symptoms can vary based on your skin type and tone.
Here’s how the most common forms of psoriasis appear on Black skin.
Eighty to 90 percent of people with psoriasis have plaque psoriasis. On dark skin, the lesions may be purple, violet, or dark brown with gray scales. It usually pops up on open areas of skin like your scalp, knees, or arms.
This rare form of psoriasis brings pus to the party. You might notice white pustules on or near dark skin lesions. While the pus-filled bumps are annoying AF, they’re usually harmless.
This rare skin condition can look like plaque psoriasis, but it’s way more severe. You may experience:
Psoriasis can show up anywhere on your body regardless of your skin color. But scalp psoriasis is especially common in Black people.
Up to 30 percent of people with psoriasis also experience swollen, painful, or inflamed joints.
Also, folks with psoriasis might be at a higher risk of:
Psoriasis is sometimes mistaken for other skin conditions. Here’s what they usually look like on dark skin:
- Eczema. This common condition is known for reddish, raised lesions. You also might have purple, dark brown, or gray patches.
- Lichen planus. This autoimmune condition can cause white lesions or purplish bumps. In some cases it can appear inside your mouth.
- Fungal skin infections. These can happen when the fungus among us infects your skin. This type of infection can make your skin itch, burn, or crack.
- Cutaneous lupus erythematosus. This chronic autoimmune condition affects about two-thirds of folks with lupus. It can cause discolored patches on your skin.
The only way to know for sure that you have psoriasis is to go to a dermatologist.
They’ll perform a physical exam, looking for signature signs of psoriasis like lesions, scaling, or flaking skin.
Your doc may also do a skin biopsy, removing a small amount of your skin to test it for psoriasis. This is a good option if a physical exam isn’t 100 percent accurate.
Psoriasis treatment depends on how severe your symptoms are.
According to the National Psoriasis Foundation:
- Mild psoriasis covers less than 3 percent of the body.
- Moderate psoriasis covers 3 to 10 percent of the body.
- Severe psoriasis covers more than 10 percent of the body.
Here’s a rundown of the best treatment options for all forms of psoriasis.
Topical meds might do the trick if your psoriasis symptoms are mild. They can help you ditch the itch and reduce inflammation. Popular options include:
- topical steroids
- anti-inflammatory cream
- medicated soaps or shampoos
- moisturizing washes, creams, ointments, or lotions
Your doc might give you a systemic medication if your symptoms are severe. These meds come in liquid, injection, or pill form.
Some examples include:
- Soriatane (acitretin)
- Neoral, Sandimmune, or Gengraf (cyclosporine)
- Otrexup (PF), Rasuvo, or Xatmep (methotrexate)
Your doc may also suggest a biologic drug such as:
- Humira (adalimumab)
- Enbrel (etanercept)
- Cosentyx (secukinumab)
- Stelara (ustekinumab)
- Tremfya (guselkumab)
- Cimzia (certolizumab pegol)
- Skyrizi (risankizumab-rzaa)
Biologics target the parts of your immune system that are on the fritz. You can get them as an injection or infusion.
UVA and UVB light therapy (aka phototherapy) might help reduce your skin’s inflammatory response. Just make sure you get your doc’s approval first.
While this may be easier said than done, try to minimize your exposure to certain factors in daily life that could trigger a flare-up:
You should also try to avoid:
Here are some top-notch tips to keep your psoriasis symptoms under control:
- Let it be. Picking or scratching at scales increases your risk of bleeding, oozing, or infection. If things get to “The Itchy & Scratchy Show” status, ask your doc which anti-itch creams are best for short-term or long-term use.
- Let it go. Stress is a major psoriasis trigger. Relaxing activities can help you stay calm. Yoga, meditation, and walking are all chill choices. You could also try getting creative or journaling!
- Lather up. Go with a daily moisturizer that can soothe scaly skin. Your doc can recommend a medicated cream if over-the-counter options don’t cut it.
- Be aware of your triggers. Avoid activities or food that make your skin go cray.
- Switch products. Some body products contain harsh chemicals that can irritate sensitive skin. Opt for lotions, creams, and shampoos with no added fragrances, dyes, or parabens.
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that affects millions of people all over the world. But symptoms can vary on different skin tones.
Psoriasis lesions on Black skin can be violet, dark brown, or purple. You may also notice gray scaling skin. On white skin, lesions are red or pink and scales are silver.
The only way to get a legit diagnosis is to see a dermatologist. Just make sure you see one who is trained to treat skin conditions in dark-skinned folks. Psoriasis can be tricky to treat and may be misdiagnosed.