Pilates is a total body workout that focuses primarily on improving core strength.
There are two main forms: one is a bodyweight workout that takes place on a mat, while the other uses a Pilates machine. Pilates is often grouped with yoga, but yoga tends to place a greater emphasis on flexibility and breathing, while Pilates places slightly more emphasis on strength and endurance. Pilates can also be used for rehabilitation: it’s been shown to decrease pain in the neck, lower back, hips, and knees  .
- Pilates for people with multiple sclerosis who use a wheelchair: feasibility, efficacy and participant experiences. van der Linden ML, Bulley C, Geneen LJ, et al. Rehabilitation Sciences, School of Health Sciences, Queen Margaret University , Edinburgh , UK .Disability Rehabilitation, 2013 Apr 19.⤴
- Daily pilates exercise or inactivity for patients with low back pain: a clinical prospective observational study. Notarnicola .A, Fischetti .F, Maccagnano .G, et all. Orthopedics Section, Department of Medical Science of Base, Neuroscience and Organs of Sense Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Study of Bari, General Hospital, Bari, Italy. European Journal Physical Rehabilitation Medicine, 2013 Oct 9.⤴
- The effectiveness of a 6-week Pilates programme on outcome measures in a population of chronic neck pain patients: a pilot study. Mallin G, Murphy S. School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and population science, Health Sciences Building, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland. Journal of Bodyweight and Movement Therapies, 2013 Jul;17(3):376-84.⤴
- Rehabilitation after total hip and knee arthroplasty: a new regimen using Pilates training. Levine B, Kaplanek B, et al. Bulletin of the NYU Hospital for Joint Diseases, 2007;65(2):120-5.⤴