How to Gain Weight the Healthy Way
Back in college, I had a problem (one which I no longer have): I was too thin. People, especially my girlfriends, seemed to hate me for it — and they hated me even more for complaining that it was a problem. But it was: I was tired all the time. Anxious. Irritable. Barely strong enough to carry my groceries the 12 blocks home. Regardless of how well my skinny jeans fit, I knew that in order to improve my quality of life, I needed to gain weight.
I’ve maintained a healthier weight for several years now, but I’m hardly the first person to struggle with putting on some pounds. Whether a person wants to gain weight because they’re sick of being tired all the time or just wants to hit a healthier body weight (back included), Greatist has the info and advice on how to make it happen.
The Skinny on Being Skinny — The Need-to-Know
There are lots of theories about why naturally thin people have the bodies they do, from genetics to stronger satiety cues (some people can feel fuller faster, prompting them to eat less)  . Regardless, it’s important to note that if someone is underweight it’s not proof-positive that they have an eating disorder.
According to the Body Mass Index (BMI) scale (which uses a person’s weight and height to estimate their level of body fat), having a Body Mass Index of less than 18.5 qualifies as being underweight. Interestingly, of all the BMI calculators we sampled, every one of them included information on how to lose weight. None of them recognized that some people might in fact be looking to gain weight. Perhaps this is because underweight people are an increasing minority. The number of Americans who are underweight is the lowest it’s been since 1988: Approximately two percent of adult women and one percent of adult men fell into the category of “underweight” between 2007 and 2010.
Whatever the reason for thinness, people sometimes invalidate the health concerns of those who need to gain weight. There’s a stereotype that nobody can be naturally underweight, says Greatist Expert and trainer Jen Cassetty, so, naturally thin people often face some kind of discrimination. Yet underweight people (particularly men) are just as much at risk for health concerns as overweight and obese people  . Being significantly underweight is associated with negative health effects that include lack of energy, nutritional deficiencies, a weakened immune system, osteoporosis, and, in women, loss of menstrual function and complications with pregnancy  . So Greatist decided to shine a light on this oft-overlooked version of weight maintenance.
The Beef on Beefing Up — Your Action Plan
As with any diet or exercise plan, it’s important to consult a physician or nutritionist before adopting any weight gain diet. A doctor can also help rule out other health issues that might be contributing to being underweight, such as thyroid problems, parasites, or disordered eating. After chatting with a doc, follow these guidelines to healthfully pack on some pounds.
- Keep a food diary. Chart what and when you eat every day for several weeks to learn about your eating habits and identify places to add calories. Online programs like MyFitnessPal and Fitday can make tracking easy-peasy. (They’re also good tools for keeping track of your actual weight.)
- Add it up. Try adding an extra 200+ calories a day in the beginning, says Cassetty, and adjust up or down depending on results.
- Focus on quality, not quantity. Even when you’re trying to gain weight, burgers, chips, and milkshakes all day (’err day) isn’t great for a body. Instead, choose nutrient-dense foods from all food groups, says Cassetty. Good options include whole grains like whole wheat pasta, fruits and vegetables, nuts, and lean protein.
- Eat more frequently. And never skip meals! It’s easy to feel full fast when you start introducing more calories into each meal; changes in food intake might also bring on gastrointestinal issues and even acne. Make things easier on your belly by spreading calorie intake out over five to six smaller meals throughout the day.
- Snack dense. Choose calorie-dense snacks like nuts, cheese, dried fruits, yogurt with granola, avocados, and pretzels or whole grain crackers with nut butters or hummus. If leaving the house for a while, pack snacks for calories-on-the-go.
- Drink calorically. Instead of diet soda and other low-cal drinks, choose filling, high-calorie beverages like smoothies, healthy shakes, or liquid meal replacements. Drink fluids in between meals to add calories and to avoid filling up on beverages during meals (which might make people eat less solid food).
- Eat before bed. Consider this your permission slip for the midnight munchies. A lot of healing and regeneration happens while we sleep, so eating before bed can give your body the nutrients it needs to do the work. Nom down on a PB & J or a wrap with avocado, vegetables, and lean meat or cheese.
- Set attainable goals. And remember to be patient. Just like weight loss, weight gain is a process — and often a slow one, Cassetty says. Gaining might take years, so don’t give up hope if you don’t pack on immediate pounds. The rate at which a person needs to gain weight depends on their health goals and current health status, and a physician or nutritionist can help establish a reasonable goal weight. Signs of reaching an ideal weight include increased energy, stabilized hunger patterns, and overall good health.
- Get support. It’s important to have a strong support system throughout the process of gaining weight, Cassetty says — both to help gainers achieve their goals and to cope with the emotional issues that might arise from bodily changes. One of the best ways to adjust to changing size is to spend time noticing and appreciating how your “new” body appears in the mirror, says Greatist Expert and psychologist Ellen Langer.
- Dress nice. Don’t put off feeling good about your appearance. Talk nicely to yourself and choose outfits that make you feel good, no matter what you weigh.
Have you been stereotyped for being thin? Ever tried to gain weight? Share in the comments below, or get in touch with Laura at @LauraNewc.
- Lean (Fa/FA) but not obese (fa/fa) Zucker rats release cholecystokinin at PVN after a gavaged meal. De Fanti, BA, Backus, RC, Hamilton, JS, et al. Division of Biological Sciences: Neurobiology, Physiology, and Behavior, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California. American Journal of Physiology, 1998 Jul;275(1 Pt 1):E1-5⤴
- Intuitive Eating Scale: An Examination Among Early Adolescents. Dockendorff, SA, Petrie, TA, Greenleaf, CA, et al. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 2012 Sep 3⤴
- Underweight, overweight and obesity as risk factors for mortality and hospitalization. Ringback Weitoft, G., Eliasson, M., and Rosen, M. Centre for Epidemiology, Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 2008 Mar;36(2):169-76⤴
- Overweight, underweight, and mortality. A prospective study of 48,287 men and women. Seidell, JC, Verschuren, WM, vanLeer, EM, et al. Department of Chronic Disease and Environmental Epidemiology, National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Protection, The Netherlands. Archives of Internal Medicine, 1996 May 13;156(9):958-63⤴
- Factors associated with screening or treatment initiation among male United States veterans at risk for osteoporosis fracture. Nelson, RE, Nebeker, JR, Sauer, BC, et al. George E. Wahlen Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Utah. Bone, 2012 Apr;50(4):983-8⤴
- Obesity is not protective against fracture in postmenopausal women: GLOW. Compston, JE, Watts, NB, Chapurlat, R., et al. Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, UK. The American Journal of Medicine, 2011 Nov;124(11):1043-50⤴
Comments Leave a comment
I've been waiting for an article like this for a long while. Thanks.
@Stofish It's a really complex topic and Laura (hi Laura!) did a great job with it. Why do you think weight maintenance and how to increase weight has been so little talked about?
@zachary sniderman @Stofish Thats a big question. Clearly being under weight is less of a health issue in western nations than being overweight, and its right that obesity remains the topic most talked about.
I think though that the words we use also play a role, you can be "fat" or "thin" both of these words can describe someone who is normal, when fat stops being normal the word "obese" is there for us to use, but when thin becomes problematic there is no word to correspond.
I work in a sports shop, my speciality is cycling but ironically I'm also charged with selling body building equipment, I recently had a very thin customer who after being turned away by his doctor came to us to buy protein mix to gain weight. While I explained to him that this would not be a good solution in its self and he should start an exercise regime with it, I was unable to offer any more constructive help.
Following reading this I've already started tracking my own calorie intake (reading its description who would believe Myfitnesspal could help with weight gain?) and hopefully I'm now better equipped to help customers with similar problems.
@zachary sniderman @Stofish
Zach - I think its a worse Tabou that talking about obese people. The rest of the world who are putting a lot of effort to lose a few pounds seem to see skinny people trying to gain wheight as insulting somehow. Partly because we wrongfully associate skinny with healthy.
@zachary sniderman @Stofish
i'm overweight, and if a skinny person would indicate she'd want to talk about diet and weight-gain i would immediately assume the conversation will be steered towards some 'let me tell you about this great weightloss secret, or hey, just get some self-control you lardass'. because that's what happens 9 out of 10 times.
i suppose being constantly accused of being anorexic is also pretty irritating. but i think there is still a huge difference. in that being thin is seen as socially desirable (yeah, we *claim* to abhor anorexia, but in the meantime most high-end fashion-mags worship thinness) and a sign of superior self-control, while fatness means you're a low-class lazy slob.
Thanks Laura, a fantastic article! I like the suggestion to start small... add an extra 200+ calories a day and adjust depending on results. For those wanting to gain weight and muscle I also recommend finding a good protein shake as protein is what the body needs to stay healthy and achieve its normal weight. There are many protein shake out there, too many to list them all here, I recommend this one <a href="http://www.gaininweight.com/">www.gaininweight.com</a> for its quality, ingredients and taste!
I've been doing a lot of research on this topic and had a hard time coming up with anything really groundbreaking. I think your post had a lot of valuable points, but I think you have to really personalize your diet based on your own body and lifestyle. For me I have a hard time eating a lot and essentially my metabolism just burns everything off. I've been looking at http://www.ipc-athletics.org for something that is supposed to help you eat more, I'm planning on trying it and will let you know what happens.
This is a GREAT piece!!!
I am a personnal trainer and it is so hard to explain this concept to people, skinny does not mean healthy ! good job!
This is a fantastic, well-researched piece. Great job! I wanted to add that there are some fantastic all-natural appetite enhancing supplements out there that really help increase your caloric intake. One of the biggest challenges that underweight people face is a lack of appetite. These individuals often have smaller stomachs, so they have a really hard time eating the amount of food they need to gain weight. CB-1 Weight Gainer is a good example. It is 100 percent safe and all natural, and it's not a protein powder, or creatine, or any other weird chemical mass builder. It's only purpose is to help decrease your metabolism and increase your appetite. That's it. I encourage everyone to check out the CB-1 Facebook page to see all the REAL success stories from others trying to gain weight. You can also check out the website to learn more about the science behind the product. www.cb1weightgainer.com
Actually according to recent scientific studies, a large percentage of the population in the developed world is underweight. This causes many health risks (actually it is worse for your health to be underweight than obese according to some studies). However, unlike the obesity problem, this issue is very rarely covered or even acknowledged as a problem!
Eating properly is the main way to gain weight. If you don't eat, then you don't gain. Period! How much to eat depends on the person, however I guess 500-1000 calories more than your maintenance calories is a good average. I would also like to mention two things that are not covered in this article, but are important for people who want to gain weight. One is to exercise. Your exercise routine should consist of heavy compound exercises like squats, deadlifts and bench presses. Also sleep is important as your body grows when you sleep.