How Blinking Could Help Your Brain Learn New Information

A new study suggests blinking causes some pretty important shifts in brain activity. Could all those blinks be the key to learning new information?

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Blink and you’ll miss it, right? Not so fast. A new study suggests blinking actually helps us process information and gives our brains a quick break. And here’s the coolest part: Turns out our brains might be doing a lot more behind the scenes than previously thought.

The Study

If we didn’t blink, our eyes would get pretty dry. But humans blink a lot more than is required for keeping our eyes moist (on average 15-20 times a minute, even though we only “need” 2-4 a minute). Scientists at Japan’s Osaka University wanted to see if all that blinking had a hidden purpose, so they asked 20 undergraduates to watch an episode of the British television show “Mr. Bean” while their blinks and brain activity were recorded in an MRI machine Blink-related momentary activation of the default mode network while viewing videos. Nakano, T., Kato, M., Morito, Y. et al. Dynamic Brain Network Laboratory, Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences, Osaka University. Procedural of the National Academy of Sciences. 2012 Dec 24. [Epub ahead of print]. As predicted, the students tended to blink whenever there was an “implicit stop” on screen, like when a character exits a room or when a scene change occurs. But that’s not all.

Blinking actually triggered a momentary shift in brain activity from an area that helps us focus attention (the dorsal attention network) to an area responsible for subconscious processing (the default-mode network). Once the eyes opened again, brain activity shifted back. In a way, blinking seemed to help the students process what they saw.

The researchers then tested whether blinking itself or just the brief lack of visual stimuli triggered the switch. In a second study they inserted short, blink-length intervals of blank screen time into the video students watched. These artificial blinks didn’t, however, trigger the same brain shift. Blinking, it would appear, was a deliberate — if unconscious — action and not just a response to a lack of visual stimuli. And here’s a kicker: The shift in brain function only occurred when subjects unconsciously blinked. Unfortunately, closing our eyes extra hard won’t trigger a more acute response.

Is It Legit?

Probably. We’ve written before on how letting the mind wander can activate the brain’s default settings and promote creativity, and there’s a lot of research suggesting that part of the brain plays an important role in how we process information Experience sampling during fMRI reveals default network and executive system contributions to mind wandering. Christoff, K, Gordon, A.M., Smallwood, J., et al. Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia. Procedural of the National Academy of Sciences. 2009 May 26;106(21):8719-24.. While this particular study doesn’t solve every blinking mystery, it does give a clue as to one way the brain resets its attention. If anything, it’s becoming increasingly clear our attention — even when it comes to the most time-tested comedy — is anything but undivided.

What did you think of the study? Are you still on the fence about the role of blinking? Let us know in the comments below or tweet the author @d_tao.

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